Is Red Wine Good For You?

Published 6/3/13

What Is Red Wine?

Red wine is a kind of wine that comes from dark colored (black) grapes. The color of red wine varieties can range drastically and include violet for young wines, brick red for mature wines, and even brown for older wines. The juice from dark colored grapes is actually greenish-white but the wine is turned red due to the anthocyan pigments found in the grape skin. The most popular types of red wine include cabernet sayvignon, syrah, merlot, malbec, pinot noir, zinfandel, and sangiovese. Other than its bold and inque flavor, there are many health benefits that red wine has to offer. 

Health Benefits of Red Wine

Just like many other types of alcohol, such as beer and white wine, red wine has many health benefits to offer that can ultimately reduce the risks associated with heart disease. Red wine is full of an antioxidants called polyphenols that help protect the lining of blood vessels found in the heart. Quite possibility the most important polyphenol in red wine is called resveratrol. Resveratrol is known to help prevent damange to blood vessels, reduce "bad" LDL cholesterol levels while increasing the "good" HDL cholesterol levels, and even prevent blood clots. Recent studies have also begin to conclude that resveratrol can even help fight obesity and diabetes, both of which are strong risk factors that camn lead to heart disease. The antioxidant and anticoagulant characteristics of wine has shown a positive ability in slowly down the effects of macular degenration that results in vision decline as people age.

What is Resveratrol?

Although red wine has many beneficial chemicals to offer, resveratrol has received the most research although its research is still in infancy. Scientifically speaking, resveratrol is a type of natural phenol and phytoalexin that is naturally produced by many plants when they are being attacked by bacteria or fungi. In clinical studies on animals, resveratrol has shown an ability to reduce the risks of cancer, reduce inflammation, lower blood sugar levels, as well as aid general heart health. In a recent human study, heavy doses of resveratrol showed an ability to reduce blood sugar levels. Another benefit of red wine is help fight tooth decay as red wine, even non-alcoholic red wine, can harden tooth enamel. Red wine also prevents gum disease while helping reduce inflammation in the gums. 

Wine Consumption Side Effects

Heavy consumption of wine can produce negative side effects. Moderate wine consumption can increase bone mineral density but heavy wine consumptions can have a negative effect on the cellular process that is responsible for creating bone tissue as well as increasing the risk of bone fracture. Heavy wine consumption can also lead to high blood pressure, liver damage, and certain types of cancer. 

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