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Health Benefits Of Blueberries

Published 5/14/13

What Are Blueberries?

Blueberries are a perennial flowering plant that produces blue colored berries, hence the name “blueberry.” Raw berries are initially green at first before turning a reddish-purple and ultimately a dark blue when they are fully ripe. Blueberry bushes can either grow low and wide, known as low bush or wild blueberries, or tall and skinny, known as high bush blueberries. The blueberry is native to North America and was not introduced to Europe until the 1930s.

Blueberries Nutrition

Blueberries have a wide array of nutritional content to offer. They contain high levels of manganese, vitamin C, vitamin K, and dietary fiber while offering beneficial amounts of vitamin E, vitamin B6 (folate), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), and vitamin B3 (niacin). Blueberries also contain the highest antioxidant capacity of all fresh berries. The list of antioxidants includes vitamin B complex, vitamin C, vitamin E, Anthocyanin, selenium, zinc, and iron.

Benefits Of Blueberries

Blueberries are best known for the health benefits they offer as a result of the high antioxidant content. The high levels of antioxidants neutralize free radicals roaming the body while also boosting the immune system and killing off bacteria, specifically bacteria infections in the urinary tract. The antioxidants found in blueberries have been shown to prevent degeneration of brain neurons, cells, and can restore central nervous system health by boosting the enzymes responsible for growing ner nerve cells. Multiple studies have shown an increased ability in both learning ability and motor skills associated with frequent consumption of blueberries. Blueberries also lower trigylceride and cholesterol levels while also improving the body’s ability to produce and process glucose and insulin. The antioxidant Anthocyanin is responsible for the blue color of blueberries but is also known to slow the rate of visual loss due to macular degeneration, cataract, dryness, and infections.

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